Embroidery Terms To Know
Decoration or trimming cut from one piece of fabric and stitched to another
to add dimension and texture. Designs with appliqué can be more economical
than embroidery alone if appliqué occupies a significant amount of the
Woven or non-woven material used underneath the fabric being embroidered to
provide support and stability.
Three stitches placed back and forth between two points, often used for
Collection of thread between goods and needle plate resembling a
bird’s nest. May be caused by improper tensioning of the top thread or not
following thread path correctly.
Spool or reel that holds the bobbin thread which helps form stitches on the
underside of the fabric.
Coarse woven fabric stiffened with glue, used to stabilize fabric for
stitching. Commonly used in caps to build the front panel.
Stitch that looks like a chain link formed with one thread fed from
Form of embroidery in which a loop stitch is formed on the top of the
A digitizing capability that allows void areas to be so designated when
mapping perimeter points.
Method of digitizing in which a proportionate number of stitches are placed
between defined points after a scale has been designated.
Two stitches that cross at the center to form an X.
Unit of weight used to measure the fineness of thread. Deniers are
represented by the weight of the strands of thread, a slash, and the number
of strands per thread.
Term for punching that reflects the computerized method of converting
artwork into a series of commands to be read by an embroidery machine’s
Embroidery design with a finished edge usually worn on outer
Decorative stitching on fabric.
A format where individual stitches in a design have been digitized,
generally meaning that the design can’t be enlarged or reduced more than
10-20% without causing distortion.
Material hooped or placed on top of fabrics with a surface texture that
are to be embroidered, compacting the texture and holding the stitches above
Series of running stitches commonly used to cover large areas.
Process done after embroidery is complete, including trimming loose
threads, cutting or tearing away excess backing, removing facing, cleaning,
pressing and packaging for sale or shipment.
Up and down motion of goods under action of the needle.
Method of testing thread tension and soundness of timing. Sew the word FOX
in one inch satin stitch block letters. Examine the reverse side for
correctly balanced ratio of one-third bobbin thread to two-thirds top
Holding device for insertion of goods under an embroidery head for the
application of embroidery. May employ a number of means for maintaining
stability during the embroidery process.
Variety of techniques that allow loading of multiple units to be embroidered
in a single loading operation.
Method of testing thread tension. Stitch one inch block letters for each
needle bar. The reverse side of the completed embroidery should show a
ratio of two-thirds top thread to one-third bobbin thread.
Devices used to hold or frame small or unusually shaped items such as socks
Holds the bobbin case in the machine and plays a vital role in stitch
formation. Making two complete rotations for each stitch, its point meets a
loop of top thread at a precisely timed moment and distance to form a
Device made from wood, plastic or steel with which fabric is gripped tightly
between an inner ring and outer ring and attached to the machine for
Two or more rows of overlapping satin stitches.
Movement of the machine without needle penetration commonly used to get from
one point in a design to another.
Embroidery using letters or words.
Known as recessed hooping, this technique is useful when hooping
bulky or slick fabrics such as insulated jackets.
Commonly referred to as a lock-down stitch, it is formed by three or four
consecutive stitches of at least a ten point movement. It should be used at
the end of all columns, fills and any element where jumps will follow.
Short for logotype, name, symbol or trademark of a company, organization or
Marking of goods to serve as an aid in positioning the frame and referencing
a needle start point.
Embroidered design composed of one or more letters, usually the initials in
Small, slender piece of steel with a hole for thread and a point for
stitching fabric. Sharp points are for piercing heavy, tightly woven
fabrics. Ball points are for gliding between fibers of knits.
Bar that holds the needle and regulates the distance to which the needle is
driven into the bobbin assembly.
Conversion of artwork into a series of commands to be read by an embroidery
Correct registration is achieved when all stitches and design elements line
Consists of one stitch between two points, used for outlining and fine
Stitches per minute for measuring the running speed of an embroidery
Formed by closely arranged zigzag stitches.
Ability to enlarge or reduce a design.
Cutting utensil having a curved handle with one hole for the thumb, another
hole for two or more fingers, and an overall length of usually more than six
inches. Used for cutting fabrics on a table or other flat surface.
A digitizing technique that places shorter stitches in curves and corners to
avoid unnecessarily bulky build-up of stitches.
Digitizing feature that allows one or more stitches in a pattern to be
deleted, lengthened or altered.